Crohn's disease

Defects in CARD15 are the cause of Crohn disease and Blau syndrome. Inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by a chronic relapsing intestinal inflammation. IBD is subdivided into Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis. Crohn disease may involve any part of the gastrointestinal tract, terminal ileum and colon. Bowel inflammation is transmural and discontinuous; it may contain granulomas or be associated with intestinal or perianal fistulas. In ulcerative colitis, the inflammation is continuous and limited to rectal and colonic mucosal layers; fistulas and granulomas are not observed. In approximately 10% of cases confined to the rectum and colon, definitive classification of Crohn disease or ulcerative colitis cannot be made and are designated 'indeterminate colitis.' Both diseases include extraintestinal inflammation of the skin, eyes, or joints.

Alternative names


Inflammatory bowel disease 1

Regional enteritis

Granulomatous colo-ileitis


  • Periodic fever syndromes


Autosomal dominant


#266600 Inflammatory bowel disease 1

*605956 Caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 15; CARD15


Incidence it varies according to the geographic area. 140/100,000 in Scandinavia, Great Britain, USA, Canada to 50/100,000 in Southern Europe.